September 2017

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thumbnail of Science Principles in Toftwood Infant School

Science is taught in a practical way, in order to excite the children and engage them in their learning. They are encouraged to enquire and ask scientific questions as well as to plan, carry out and evaluate their own experiments.

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Children also have the use of scientific equipment such as microscopes and magnifying glasses which gives the children hands-on experiences when carrying out investigations.

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In the EYFS, Understanding the World incorporates activities that are linked to Science, for example exploring materials, living things and the environment.

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Science is taught in Key Stage 1 through half termly topics and linked to the content which incorporates cross curricular components. Children also go on educational visits which are related to topics about Science.


Every Wednesday, a gardening club is run to provide a small group of children with the opportunity to learn about plants and living things. They also get the opportunity to plant their own seeds and look after the school garden. This gives the children real life skills that can be used outside of school as well as developing social skills whilst working with others.

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Throughout the year we have visitors who provide the children with real life science experiences, such as Goldcrest Outdoor Education, Zootastic, the RSPB and Starlincs Planetarium.

The children are also given the opportunity to observe and discuss current events from around the globe.

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From Summer 2 2016 we will be focusing on ‘Working Scientifically’ and giving the children additional quality opportunities to be scientists!

Science Core Knowledge

The National Curriculum Objectives are grouped into the following areas:

Year 1- Seasonal Changes; Everyday Materials; Animals, including humans; Plants

Year 2- Growing Plants; Uses of Everyday Materials; Animals, including humans;

Living Things and their Habitats

The children are taught these objectives through activities planned to encourage them to work scientifically. This is the main focus of the Science curriculum and we focus on the children working like scientists!

Asking questions is one the most important elements of Science and working scientifically.

Here are some questions that we might discuss or the children may ask in relation to each objective.

Year 1

Seasonal Changes

  1. Describe the typical weather that you might see in the Summer
  2. Where does rain come from?
  3. Are days longer or shorter in the Winter than the Summer? Why?
  4. Why do we have seasons?

Everyday Materials

  1. What scientific word do we use to describe a material that will not let water pass through it?
  2. Can you name something that is shiny? Flexible? Transparent?
  3. What type of material is magnetic?
  4. What material is the chair made from?

Animals including humans

  1. Name some types of animals that live on the earth or fly in the air.
  2. What is the scientific name for animals that never eat meat?
  3. Which 3 types of animals live in or near water?
  4. What is the name of the body part that helps your leg to bend?
  5. Which body part allows humans to smell?


  1. Can you name the main parts of a plant?
  2. What do you plants need to grow?
  3. What is the scientific name for trees that lose their leaves in Autumn and Winter?
  4. Can you name the parts of a tree?

Year 1 answers

Seasonal Changes 1. Sunshine. 2. It collects in the sky as clouds and then rain is released when they get heavy. 3. Shorter. Daylight is less in the winter months. 4. Because of the rotation and tilt of the Earth

Everyday Materials 1. Waterproof 2.Foil or metal. Plastic. Glass. 3. Metal. 4. Wood/Fabric

Animals, including humans 1. Mammals, birds, 2. Herbivores. 3. Reptiles, amphibians, fish 4. Knee. 5. Nose.

Plants 1. Petal, flower, leaf, stem, roots 2. Air, light, warmth, nutrients and water 3. Deciduous  4. Trunk, leaf, branch, roots


Year 2


  1. What do plants need to grow healthily?
  2. What do seeds and bulbs have inside them that helps them to grow?
  3. Name a typical plant you might find growing on a lawn?
  4. Will a plant grow well if the temperature is very cold?

Uses of Everyday Materials

  1. Should a spoon be made from glass? Why?
  2. What would be a good material to use to make an umbrella?
  3. Find 4 everyday objects made from metal.
  4. What material can you see that could bend/squash/twist/stretch?

Animals including humans

  1. In what order are the 4 stages of growth for a chicken?
  2. Name 5 adult animals and their babies
  3. What do all animals need to survive?
  4. What should humans do to live healthily?

Living Things and their Habitats 

  1. Name some creatures that might live in a woodland.
  2. What is the scientific name for a place that something lives?
  3. Describe what a ‘food chain’ is
  4. Name something living, something dead and a thing that has never been alive

Year 2 answers

Plants 1. Water, light, nutrients, air, warmth. 2. They store food. 3. Daisy or clover. 4. No.

Uses of Everyday Materials 1. No. It will break too easily. Metal and plastic are better 2. A waterproof fabric. 3. Cars, coin, table legs, tools 4. socks, elastic band, blue tac, play dough

Animals including humans 1. Egg, incubation, chick, chicken 2. Sheep and lamb, cow and calf, chicken and chick, butterfly and caterpillar, cat and kitten, dog and puppy 3. Air, food, water, warmth 4. Eat a balanced diet, exercise, hygiene

Living Things and their Habitats 1. Deer, foxes, badgers, birds, adders, beetles, worms 2. Habitat 3. It is how animals obtain their food and energy from plants and other animals 4. Human, withered leaf, a rock

Spring 2 – Science Club

This half term, one child from each class has been attending Science Club! We have been doing all sorts of different activities from the different areas of Science – chemistry, biology and physics.

Biology – Planting seeds.






We discussed what plants need to grow and what we might need to do to keep them healthy. We discussed putting soil and water in the put along with the seed and where we should put them. We decided to put them near the window so they had sunlight and warmth.

Physics – Helicopters







We made helicopters out of paper and attached paper clips to them. We threw them in the air and watched in amazement as they spun to the ground. We made big and small helicopters and compared how the different sizes affected their movement. We also explored using a different number of paper clips and how they fell quicker when they were heavier.

Chemistry – Lava Lamps and Bubbles

We  talked about Lava Lamps and we looked at pictures of them on the internet. We poured water and oil in to a beaker and discussed why the liquids seperated. We then added food colouring and loved watching the blobs get stuck in the oil! We then took it in turns to add a small piece of alka seltzer to the beaker. We loved seeing the food colouring blobs dancing in the liquid and the bubbles moving around!

We made our own bubble wands and enjoyed blowing different shape bubbles. We then made giant bubbles in the tuft spot and each child got a turn

Spring 1 2017


The Nursery children have been investigating freezing and melting using the ice and snow!







They tested to see how long the ice would take to melt. They thought about how the warmth of their hands made it melt quicker

The children also explored ice to see what they could notice. They realised that they could see through it and that it would break easily!



The children in Reception have been busy observing, finding out and experimenting using different Scientific equipment.








They have used thermometers to take temperatures of different things such as ice, wood and the sun’s heat!









Lots of the children enjoyed finding out what was made of metal using a metal detector in the classroom.







They’ve also used test tubes, measuring cylinders and beakers to make their own magic potions.









They even learnt how to use new equipment such as a pipette.








Year 1

The children in Year 1 have been outside looking for signs of Winter. They recorded their findings using drawings, mind maps and notes.







Miss Hooper’s class also explored melting ice. They put four toy people in separate pots of water and left them outside to freeze. They discussed how they could make the ice melt. They held one pot in their hands, one pot was left outside in the sun, they put warm water on another pot and they chipped away at the last ice block using a pencil.


They used a split timer to compare the times it took for the ice to melt. The children made predictions and recorded their results.


Year 2

The Year 2 children have been exploring living and non-living things this half term. They have talked about how we know something is alive and what living things need to survive.









Every child has planted their own bean seed, which they have used to observe a plant growing and all the parts of a plant.







They also observed seeds using magnifying glasses and digital microscopes.


They recorded their observations and the results of their experiment.

Autumn 2016

The children in Nursery have explored objects that float and sink.


The children have had a great time exploring Ted’s Den and have found all sorts of marvellous creatures out there! They have looked closely at these minibeasts using magnifying glasses and digital microscopes. They have also discussed where these creatures live and how they survive.

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The children have also enjoyed exploring magnets and how they can be used.

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Year 1

Year 1 have enjoyed exploring the effects of germs on food, in their Science lessons. They had three different pieces of bread, one that hadn’t been touched, one that had been touched with unwashed hands and one that had been touched with washed hands. They left them in plastic bags on the window and watched the amount of mould that grew on each piece of bread! One child said “We didn’t know which one would get mouldy first!” Another child said he had learnt that “Germs have different effects on bread.”

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Year 2
Year 2 have been learning all about materials and their properties. They have created bridges and thrones for a castle and tested these using weights. They also discussed, on their visit to Norwich Castle, what different parts of a castle are made from. They came back to class and discussed this further and why certain parts are made from certain materials.

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World Space Week in KS1 – Autumn Term 2016

The children in Year 1 and 2 celebrated World Space Week by doing different space activities!

Year 1 used Purple Mash to turn themselves into astronauts and wrote about what they had learnt about space.

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Year 2 learnt about the International Space Station and the view from the window. They used watercolours to paint a birds-eye view from the ISS window and created a space scene behind it on black paper using pastels.

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They also looked at the order of the different planets in the Solar System.


imageScience Week, 6th-20th June 2016!

Thank you for making our Family Enrichment Science Week such a huge success. The children had a wonderful time exploring many elements of the Science curriculum. The week was full of exciting hands-on learning experiences and exciting and inspiring visitors. More details and photographs will be added to the website this week, but here’s a taste of what went on from the EDP website:

Click below to view our Science powerpoint presentation

Science Powerpoint

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