Year 3 Stone Age – Spring 2 2019

Today Year 3 had a visitor to teach us about the Stone Age. We began the day by talking about timelines and considering how far back in time the Stone Age was. We used a tape measure and had to imagine that each year was worth 1cm. It was an incredible distance from our lives now!

He described to us the history that was in our county 12’000 years ago. He talked about how important Norfolk was for history because of the Iceni tribe in Norfolk. We were shown maps that demonstrated how Britain was land locked and how people could walk between different countries that we know now. He described how people would seek sustenance and how people lived in small communities to protect each other from predators.

We considered creatures that would have roamed the Earth at the time. Harrison held 2 million year old tooth, Amelia held a Rhino shoulder bone, Nelly held a mammoth tooth which was 80’000 years old and Jacy held a mammoth rib and then together they held a whole small mammoth’s tusk. Sumer held a Hyena’s fossilised poo! This is called a coprolite. Jacy held a horse’s leg bone whilst we found out about how horse’s hooves were boiled to make glue. Thomas held an 18’000 year old Elk antler. Eva held and high-fived a cave bear’s fossilised paw! Jamie held a Wolf’s rib from America. Emily held a 20’000 year old bison’s jaw bone. We learnt about wild boars and were told that they were found near Wales during the Stone Age and that that was why most people lived in fenced off areas. Charlie held a cave lion’s jaw which was the largest predator. In the afternoon, we were allowed to handle all of these.

We discussed how dinosaurs didn’t belong in the Stone age but still got to see part of a Triceratops. Arthur modelled a Homonid shape and we discussed the different types of Hominids that used to live on Earth. We took part in an activity that showed how our brains can reason and imagine and how that separates us from other animals. We looked at a diagram of our brains and which part helps with different processes and responded using our reflexes.

After break we looked at different types of weapons and compared them to ones we have now. We saw how sharp a stone razor was compared to a craft knife that had gone blunt in modern day usage. We saw spears and axes and how spears could be fire hardened and discussed how tools were developed to have handles and the impact this would have on daily life. Joana handled a stone-topped spear that was very, very sharp! Jacy correctly suggested that the next step may have been a bow and arrow and was allowed to handle the Hungard bow.

We also saw how fire was made. He clipped pieces of metal together to show us the sparks that came off! He also showed us how a bow-drill (made with sharpened flints) could be used to create fire and how fungi would be dropped in the fire and then held on a stick to transport fire.

Some people then dressed up as Hominids over time and we discussed the changes.

After lunch we learnt all about Boudicca, “The Queen from Norfolk” and her army who almost eradicated the Romans from Britain! We learnt about the weapons that they would have used and how they would have been made. We heard about the beginning of the use of copper before bronze.

Then we had a tribe competition where 2 groups had to try to rebuild Stone-Henge and later, a fishing competition with make-shift fish and fishing rods.

It was a great day and our visitor commended the children on their knowledge and behaviour. Well done Year 3!