Year 3 Summer 2 2019 STEM Day

Today we focused on time in different formats specifically Roman Numerals. In the morning the children completed a variety of different activities involving Roman Numerals, including bingo, mosaics, completing hundred squares and making a clock. They then made their own sun-dials using paper plates and paper straws. We then tested these out in the sunshine.

In the afternoon, the children completed a ‘Clue Hunt.’ We learnt about time differences across the world and why it differs. Children found clues around the school; page numbers and grid references to different countries and their UTC time. Parents joined us to complete this final activity.

It was fortunate that the sun was out and it was a warm day, to test sun-dials and complete our clue hunts. A lovely day was had by all.

Year 3 – Summer Term

As an extension of our learning about our local area, Year 3 visited Easton college.

Our day began with a road safety lesson as we were required to walk on some of the roads of Easton campus.

In the morning, we navigated our way around the campus and the surrounding fields, learning how to identify the crops that were contained within them and where the crops end up. We were very surprised to learn about Norfolk trade, including the malted barley flour (used in products like Maltesers and beer) and the sugar beet grown (which supplies Norfolk trading company British Sugar)! We recorded our journey around the site on maps, using a key and symbols.

In the afternoon, we learnt about the process that some of our local produce goes through, including how butter is made (as we churned our own) and how we obtain oil from Rapeseed crops (using a pestle and mortar to grind the oil out). We also ground barley pearls, sieved the contents to separate the husks from the chaff and saw how much needed to be ground to produce a 1KG bag of flour. Lastly, we made our own wool balls to bring home and discussed the different items this could be used to make.

Spring 2 2019 – British Science Week

The children in year 3 had lots of fun in British science week. The theme was ‘journeys’ and we had many visitors including; a plant pathologist, a bacteria scientist, a Science teacher from Northgate, and dental nurses.

The plant pathologist taught the children all about how plants get sick, and how they can identify this. We had the opportunity to look at some magnified photos of plants and the children were able to explain whether they were healthy or not.

Our next visitor was a bacteria scientist. She taught the children how important it is to wash our hands properly and why. She showed us different types of illnesses and how these can occur from bacteria. She also explained to the children that not all bacteria is harmful, some bacteria are good for us! The children had the opportunity to show their hands underneath a special UV light before their hands were washed and afterwards, and the children could see where the bacteria were on their hands.

Our visitor from Northgate gave a demonstration of ‘gums to bums’. The children were taken through the process of how our food digests and the journey it takes through our bodies, starting with our teeth and ending with the toilet! The children found this very interesting and it was great to see them learn about our digestive systems.

The dental nurses taught the children the importance of looking after our teeth and brushing them correctly. The children had a chance to look at some teeth from animals and/or humans, and had to try and identify who they had come from!

Year 3 Stone Age – Spring 2 2019

Today Year 3 had a visitor to teach us about the Stone Age. We began the day by talking about timelines and considering how far back in time the Stone Age was. We used a tape measure and had to imagine that each year was worth 1cm. It was an incredible distance from our lives now!

He described to us the history that was in our county 12’000 years ago. He talked about how important Norfolk was for history because of the Iceni tribe in Norfolk. We were shown maps that demonstrated how Britain was land locked and how people could walk between different countries that we know now. He described how people would seek sustenance and how people lived in small communities to protect each other from predators.

We considered creatures that would have roamed the Earth at the time. Harrison held 2 million year old tooth, Amelia held a Rhino shoulder bone, Nelly held a mammoth tooth which was 80’000 years old and Jacy held a mammoth rib and then together they held a whole small mammoth’s tusk. Sumer held a Hyena’s fossilised poo! This is called a coprolite. Jacy held a horse’s leg bone whilst we found out about how horse’s hooves were boiled to make glue. Thomas held an 18’000 year old Elk antler. Eva held and high-fived a cave bear’s fossilised paw! Jamie held a Wolf’s rib from America. Emily held a 20’000 year old bison’s jaw bone. We learnt about wild boars and were told that they were found near Wales during the Stone Age and that that was why most people lived in fenced off areas. Charlie held a cave lion’s jaw which was the largest predator. In the afternoon, we were allowed to handle all of these.

We discussed how dinosaurs didn’t belong in the Stone age but still got to see part of a Triceratops. Arthur modelled a Homonid shape and we discussed the different types of Hominids that used to live on Earth. We took part in an activity that showed how our brains can reason and imagine and how that separates us from other animals. We looked at a diagram of our brains and which part helps with different processes and responded using our reflexes.

After break we looked at different types of weapons and compared them to ones we have now. We saw how sharp a stone razor was compared to a craft knife that had gone blunt in modern day usage. We saw spears and axes and how spears could be fire hardened and discussed how tools were developed to have handles and the impact this would have on daily life. Joana handled a stone-topped spear that was very, very sharp! Jacy correctly suggested that the next step may have been a bow and arrow and was allowed to handle the Hungard bow.

We also saw how fire was made. He clipped pieces of metal together to show us the sparks that came off! He also showed us how a bow-drill (made with sharpened flints) could be used to create fire and how fungi would be dropped in the fire and then held on a stick to transport fire.

Some people then dressed up as Hominids over time and we discussed the changes.

After lunch we learnt all about Boudicca, “The Queen from Norfolk” and her army who almost eradicated the Romans from Britain! We learnt about the weapons that they would have used and how they would have been made. We heard about the beginning of the use of copper before bronze.

Then we had a tribe competition where 2 groups had to try to rebuild Stone-Henge and later, a fishing competition with make-shift fish and fishing rods.

It was a great day and our visitor commended the children on their knowledge and behaviour. Well done Year 3!

Year 3 Remembrance Day Visitor

On Wednesday, 7th November the Year 3 children had two special visitors in preparation for Remembrance Sunday. Mr and Mrs Hannant from Allied Star Re enactment Group visited in war clothes and shared information and resources about what life was like in the time of World War 1. They brought in different items of clothing, such as helmets and jackets as well as many different objects, such as the tools used to cook, a spade and a miniature first aid kit that would have been carried around.

The children were able to try on the clothing and explore the objects and were surprised to discover how different they were compared to the same items today. They noticed the fabric the jackets were made from was very itchy and that the helmets were surprisingly heavy.

The children also participated in a discussion about why people wear poppies to represent remembrance of people who have made sacrifices in times of war and were asked to think about how different their own lives are compared to children from the time of World War 1. The children shared some very thoughtful ideas and drew many comparisons during the session. The children also looked at the different toys children would have played with in war time and learnt that children would usually get clothes and not toys for Christmas because toy factories and shops were often used to make resources for the war.

The main message from our visitors was that there was lots of elements of remembrance to consider as Remembrance Sunday approaches and that many people made sacrifices during World War 1.

The children found the information and objects fascinating and asked lots of questions about what life was like for families in war time during the session and afterwards.

Claire Traferri, History Subject Leader at Toftwood Junior School, said the visitors “provided a valuable enhancement to in school learning for the children” and added that the re-enactment helped “bring the learning to life and enabled the children to understand what life was like during World War 1 and what Remembrance Sunday represents.  The children were astounded at the courage and bravery of the soldiers and were shocked at the conditions they had to endure in the trenches.”

Banham Zoo Trip Year 3

On Friday 8th June 2018, Year 3 went on a trip to Banham Zoo to prepare them for their next science topic ‘Animals including humans’. We had a lovely, calm coach trip there and arrived at the zoo with a lovely sunny day on our side!

While we were there, we all had a session in the Education Centre where we learned about the different skeleton types and what a body needs to move. First, we were introduced to some animals that have an exoskeleton – a skeleton on the outside of their body! We met a Madagascan hissing cockroach and two giant land snails! We all had a go at holding or touching them if we wanted. We also got shown the sheddings of a tarantula and a scorpion and learnt about how they outgrow their exoskeletons and create new ones underneath. We then got introduced to a snake! They have an endoskeleton, which means their skeleton is on the inside. We were fascinated to find out that when we touched it, it was cold! It was also amazing to learn how the snake moved using it’s muscles.

For the rest of the afternoon, we explored the zoo completing research for our next English topic of non-chronological reports. We gathered lots of information about animals from different continents to use and put into our reports.

Some of the highlights of the day included seeing the two cheetah cubs that were born last year and the two new exhibits – the baboons and the sealions!

Summer 1 2018 – Visit from a radiographer

The children in Year 3 at Toftwood Junior School really enjoyed their visit from a radiographer. The children have been learning about different scientists and inventors and found researching Marie Curie and her involvement in the development of X-Rays and understanding of radiation extremely interesting. The children created their own X-ray images using art straws and black paper as part of their science learning.

Mrs Evans visited the children and explained that her job title ‘radiographer’ comes from the word radiation. We learnt that radiation comes from the sky, the ground and even food! We were particularly interested to learn the bananas were radioactive (even though this is the tiniest amount and we know they are very good for us!).

We looked at how radioactive waves create X-ray images. Mrs Evans then directed children into the position they would need to be for different
X-Rays. We all looked at different X-Ray images, showing different parts of the body. We saw some broken bones, which looked very painful and even saw an X-ray of a snake that ate a shoe! It was very interesting and this was shown by the amount of questions we had for Mrs Evans!

Year 3 Science Week 2018

On 12th March 2018, Dr Francis launched science week at Toftwood Junior school! We were ready for a jam packed fun week of science!

We began our year 3 science topic ‘Rocks and Fossils’ this week and have looked at the three different types of rock, igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. We also discussed natural and man-made rocks and in groups decided what category the rocks went in! We then looked at some rock samples and using a key, worked out what they were! We had a lovely time doing this even if gneiss and granite looked really similar. To finish our week off we started looking at fossils! We learnt about the difference between bones and fossils and that there are 3 different types of fossils (trace, body and chemical fossils), what there are and how they are made! We then learnt about and ordered the way in which a body fossil is made!

On Wednesday we had some visitors from Neatherd High School to complete an experiment with us. We learnt about chromatography and looked at how to separate colours in ink. We used different felt tip pens to see which colour had the most colours inside it! We first put a dot of our chosen felt tip pen on chromatography paper, we then dipped the paper in some water, making sure not to dip the ink in! We watched as the water travelled up the paper and separated out all the colours! We enjoyed comparing our results and discussing them with each other – we were amazed at the pinks, yellows and blues which came out of the black ink!

On Friday we had another visitor come in to teach us all about oral health. We learnt about how much hidden sugar was in drinks (13 teaspoons of sugar in a ‘healthy’ strawberry yoghurt drink!). We also found out how bacteria can build up in our mouths between brushing and how to look after our teeth – we were all left desperate to clean our teeth after the session!

Year 3 Geography Visitor

Thursday 15th March 2018

On Thursday 15th March 2018, Year 3 had a visitor from the Norfolk Record Office come talk to us about maps, land use and the local area.

We first looked at maps of the local area. We saw how Dereham and Toftwood had changed over the years and explored the changes to the school site! It was interesting to see Toftwood Infant and Junior schools suddenly appear on the maps!

We then spoke about land use in the local area. We built on our previous learning of rural and urban land use and learnt about arable land (land used for growing crops) and pasture land (land used for grazing animals). We then explored a tithe map of East Dereham from 1838. The tithe map was a record of who owned land and told us about people used the land too! Using data given to us from our visitor, we then compared the data with the map and colour coded what land was used for what use! We learnt that East Dereham was mostly arable crop land in 1838!

STEM Day 02.02.2018

We have had a lovely day today exploring many new things about plants. We have been using different ways to record how a plant is pollinated, creating our own models of a leaf cell up close and recording and interpreting data from information given to us!

To make a model of a leaf cell, we looked at lots of different pictures of leaves up close. To begin with, we could not work out what they were! Some of us thought they looked like a donut, a cactus or even a wormhole in space! We were all surprised when we found out what they were! To make our models we used a range of materials, including art straws, masking tape, tissue and crepe paper as well as lots of other things we found and thought of along the way! They all look amazing!

Using data given to us about the growth of a bean, we also drew bar charts to show the how much the bean grew over 9 weeks. We explored how plot our data on a graph and then used this to answer questions.

We used technology to create a video to explain the process of pollination. We created different props for this video and used different plant vocabulary. Some of us used these props to become parts of a plant for this video whilst others directed it! Some of us even began to type this up as well.