Literacy – Infant

We have developed our Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2) curriculum to meet the requirements of the new National Curriculum introduced in 2014,
In the Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery and Reception) teaching and learning is based on the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum,

Reception and Nursery children carry out a range of early Literacy activities as part of their daily teaching and learning. Children have access to a writing materials and wide variety of resources that encourage high quality early literacy experiences. These include: opportunities for speaking and listening, reading, mark making, identification and use of phonic sounds, role play, small world play and  activities to develop fine motor control. Early writing skills are also developed though activities such as story scribing.

In Key Stage One, Year 1 and 2 children have a daily Literacy Session concentrating mainly on the development of reading, writing, speaking and listening skills as established by the National Curriculum and learning is planned and developed alongside the interests of the children and topics being covered in each year group.


There is a balance of work between:

  • Shared activities where the whole class and the teacher work together
  • Independent activities where the children work on their own
  • Guided activities, where the children work in a small group with an adult

Guided reading and guided reading skills sessions also take place, with a staff member undertaking a reading based activity with a small group of children. This starts from the beginning of the academic year for years 1 and 2. The children read daily as part of their shared activities this could be through phonics work, comprehension activities and grammar work.

In Early Years each class has its own reading area where children are encouraged to look at and share books together. There are opportunities for children to read and share books with adults and regularly listen to a range of stories both inside and outside the classroom. Each class in school has a book corner which has a wide range of texts available for children to enjoy.


We use Jolly phonics throughout the school and Jolly Grammar in years 1 and 2 (see link to Jolly phonics website – with the children to help them learn sounds to aid their reading and to develop sound and word work further. Phonics Play is used throughout the school, the majority of the games can be accessed at home for free .

The children read a variety of texts including fiction, non-fiction, plays and poetry. Children bring home an individual reading book to read at home with their parents. We encourage parents to read regularly with their child at home and write a comment in their home/school reading book, as well as encouraging them to change their book in class when they have finished it. Literacy home learning activities are also sent home.

Literacy activities focus on the development of reading and writing skills, including the teaching of spelling and grammar, comprehension and a range of other literacy based skills.

Speaking and Listening skills are developed through drama, role-play, individual and group discussion. Each child has a learning partner to enable them to discuss their work and prepare ideas.

Each class uses the library weekly, and will bring home a library book of their choosing. The children use a variety of ICT programs that develop their word processing, creative and control skills. They also use the internet to research, and to develop their literacy skills. There are two computers in each classroom and all of the children use the Computing Suite. In addition to this, each class has an interactive Screen and ipads. As with all lessons, we share the learning objectives and the success criteria with the children to enhance their learning.

Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar

Further Information

What does literacy look like in the EYFS?

In the EYFS, children participate in whole class reading and writing activities, group work,  and scribed stories.  They learn through play and have access to a wide range of resources, which allow them to develop their literacy skills. This is what reading and writing looks like in the EYFS…

What does literacy look like in Key Stage One?

Year one and year two children participate in whole class work and group work.  They complete weekly guided reading sessions to develop fluency and comprehension skills. Using the reading domains, the children are given opportunities to practise their vocabulary, inference, prediction, summarising, explanation, retrieval skills (VIPERS). These skills of comprehension are very important to develop children as readers. In order to develop a love of reading and stories, children are introduced to a variety of texts from a range of genres; key stage one classes complete reading for pleasure on a weekly basis.

Additional Phonics and Reading Information for Parents

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