Mathematics – Infant

Mathematics teaching in school is designed to equip children with the necessary skills to become fluent and accurate mathematicians. Lessons are carefully planned to ensure skills are reinforced, revisited and built upon in order to provide a firm foundation for subsequent learning. Children have opportunities to explore concepts independently and to demonstrate their understanding using written and less formal methods, such as using numicon, number lines and counters. We also incorporate opportunities for the children to ask questions and talk their mathematical thinking through with their learning partners, other class peers and adults in order to allow them to clarify learning and help us assess their understanding.

Mathematics is taught in the Nursery and Reception classes as part of the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum, and in Year 1 and 2 from Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum.

We teach mathematics discretely and thematically. Discrete teaching ensures a firm foundation of understanding and thematic teaching allows the children to see how mathematical thinking and concepts can be applied in cross-curricular learning.

As a school, we know that a mastery approach to learning will extend all learners, and we apply this in our mathematics teaching. By ensuring every child has access to high quality teaching and ongoing opportunities to apply their learning independently we know that teachers will be able to plan effective lessons that move learning on.

We track progress in mathematics alongside Development Matters in the Early Years Foundation stage, and using Key Performance Indicator sheets in Key Stage One. The KPI sheets have been designed alongside three other schools to be able to moderate use and assessment.

We have developed our Key Stage One (Years 1 and 2) curriculum to meet the requirements of the new National Curriculum introduced in 2014,
In the Early Years Foundation Stage (Nursery and Reception) teaching and learning is based on the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum,

In the EYFS and Key Stage One we have daily mathematics sessions that focus on all areas of mathematics. In the EYFS mathematical thinking is also encouraged when the children are investigating independently in the indoor and outdoor classrooms, and in Key Stage 1 the children complete a range of work and investigations to help them develop their mathematical skills, such as reasoning and problem solving.

Here are the different aspects of the National Curriculum. We try and make sure all children are able to learn and have real, hands on and engaging learning experiences:

Number and Place Value: number, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and fractions.

Measures: length, weight, capacity, reading scales, money and time.


Geometry: properties of shapes, position and direction


The children also collect and record information in various ways, and interpret this. This is called statistics.

It is important that the children can connect their maths learning fluently and apply their knowledge and understanding to answer questions and solve problems independently. Children are encouraged to select resources to support their work independently.

Toftwood Infant Maths Document

In addition to our mathematics teaching in school we provide two online mathematics learning tools. MyMaths is provided for all children and provides a platform for homework and revision of taught skills, as well as games. Times Table Rock Stars is also provided as a fun and effective way to develop fluency in multiplication.

For additional information about using MyMaths or Times Table Rock Stars please see below.

Here are some websites to use at home to practice the maths skills your child has been learning in class:

Always supervise your child when they are using the internet.

Federation Maths Day June 2019

Children across the Federation took part in a busy and exciting Maths Day. The day focused on maths involving time with students from Neatherd coming to support. It was an opportunity for children to immerse themselves in maths. You can read all about this week on the Special Events section of the website.

Spring Term 2019


We have been very busy learning the names of shapes, sorting them in different ways and creating our own shape models.

We have completed number problem solving activities during whole class time, as well as developing our knowledge of number in our independent play.


This half term in Maths we have explored a range of different concepts.

We have been learning about money and discussed why we need money and where it comes from. We looked at coins, cards and notes and practised recognising the coins by doing different coin sorting activities. We had a little shop in our tuff spot where we were able to ‘buy’ different foods.

We have also been learning about doubling, halving and sharing. We have been doubling numbers, objects and using Numicon to help us find out answers to double problems. We looked at shapes to help us learn about halving.

We have also recapped our shape knowledge and have been looking at both 2D and 3D shapes. We played lots of sorting games and went on shape hunts to see how many different shapes we could find.

Year 1

This term in Year 1 we have learnt about money including the value of each coin and how to pay for different items using the coins.

We have practised solving multiplication and division number sentences using written methods. Some of us learnt how to solve word problems using these skills too!

We also learnt about place value. We looked at different two digit numbers and used the Numicon to show how many tens and ones were in each number.

Year 2

This term, we have been looking at measuring, including looking at the different scales on measuring tools and working together to measure a variety of lengths, weights and capacity.

We have also been continuing practice telling the time using the ‘tell the time’ rap’ that we learnt in the autumn term. This time we have been talking about and making times to every 5 minutes too.

Year 2 have also been collecting data using tally charts and recording what they have found using pictograms and block graphs. The children made pictograms to represent what their favourite visitor was during science week. In preparation for Easter, they also helped ‘Hoppy the Bunny’ to identify what the most popular flavour Easter eggs were using their data collecting skills. They collected data in by completing their own tally charts and displayed their findings on block graphs. Kit Kat and Malteser were some of the most popular choices for Hoppy!

Autumn Term 2018

This term in maths, the children have been working hard in lots of different areas of maths.


Nursery number activities have included spooky counting linked to the Room on the Broom story and matching giant Numicon to numerals. They have been introduced to subtraction using the story The Shopping Basket by John Burningham and addition using simple songs. The children have explored shape in the classroom in their independent activities, designing their own models and creations. They have selected number activities on the interactive screen and made their own ten pin bowling activity on the slide, which involved recognising numbers and counting.


In Maths this term we have been practicing our counting and ordering, exploring Numicon, playing number games, finding out the names of 2D and 3D shapes and learning about addition and subtraction. We have also been practicing our number formation by using rhymes when we write them on our whiteboards.

Year 1

Year 1 children have been learning to solve addition, subtraction, multiplication and division calculations this term. They have used a number line for addition and subtraction and have learnt how to use arrays for multiplication. They have been learning about measurement including length, weight and capacity. They have also started to learn to tell the time to o’clock.

Year 2

In Maths in year 2, the children have been learning about the inverse of addition and subtraction. They have been able to understand that the numbers in a number sentence can be rearranged to make either an addition or subtraction number sentence.

We have also been using number lines to work out addition and subtraction number problems, including word problems.

The children enjoyed learning a ‘tell the time’ rap! Maybe you could learn this with them too!

Summer Term 2018


We have been role playing ice cream shops in the EYFS this term! The children have talked about the different combinations of ice cream they could choose if there were 3 scoops from a selection of 4 different types of ice cream to help develop problem solving skills. Children also looked at the coins in the till, which included real money.  As always, the chidlren have also been doing lots of counting, including counting beads onto a bead tree.


The children in Reception classes have been learning about measuring and have completed many different measuring challenges. The challenges included measuring length (height) using objects from around the learning environment to see how tall childrenw ere. Children also used a height chart to mark their heights and see the differences in heights between the chidlren.

Year 1

Year 1 have been using a range of equipment to represent different numbers. For example, some children worked together to find how many ways they could represent or make different numbers as part of a problem solving activity. Children were able to use any resource to support them in their work, and some used bead strings, number lines, whiteboards, cubes or shapes to show their answers.

Year 2

Year 2 have been completing lots of problem solving investigations this term. They have investigated the most common letter used in the first names in each class and used their own agreed method to work this out. They have also been using their number knowledge to make different numbers using a variety of objects around the classroom and have represented this in different ways to evidence their work. The children then moved this learning knowledge on, as they made different money amounts in a variety of ways and using different coins.


Spring 2 2018


This term in Nursery, we have been learning about shape. The children have been looking at different shapes and using magnetic 2D shapes to create 3D shapes and models.

We have also continued to practise our counting, and ordered numbers too.


In Reception we have been learning about money. We looked at coins, cards and notes, and practised recognising the coins. We had a little shop on the carpet where we were able to ‘buy’ different foods and practised counting out the correct number of pennies.

We have also been learning about doubling. We have been doubling numbers, and using Numicon to help us find out answers to double problems.

We have been learning how to find the number that is one more or one less than a given number. We have been adding and taking away one from groups of objects, using number lines, and playing games to help us find one more and one less.

Year 1

This term in Year 1 we have learnt about money including the value of each coin and how to pay for different items using the coins.

We have solved missing number problems including addition and subtraction using a number line. We also learnt about finding ½ and ¼ of a shape and a number.

We have also learnt how to tell the time to o’clock and half past. We wrote the times for different clocks and we learnt about the different length of the hands and how to draw the correct times on clocks too.

Year 2

This term, we have been looking at measuring, including looking at the different scales on measuring tools and working together to measure a variety of lengths, weights and capacity.

We have also focused on position, direction and movement and used the Beebots and iPads to direct the Beebot around a map.

We have started to use BBC Supermovers in our lessons to help us practise our times tables, learn about fractions and understand measuring the length of an object.