Science – Infant

Science is taught in a practical way, in order to excite the children and engage them in their learning. They are encouraged to enquire and ask scientific questions as well as to plan, carry out and evaluate their own experiments.

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Children also have the use of scientific equipment such as microscopes and magnifying glasses which gives the children hands-on experiences when carrying out investigations.

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In the EYFS, Understanding the World incorporates activities that are linked to Science, for example exploring materials, living things and the environment.

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Science is taught in Key Stage 1 through half termly topics and linked to the content which incorporates cross curricular components. Children also go on educational visits which are related to topics about Science.

 

Every Wednesday, a gardening club is run to provide a small group of children with the opportunity to learn about plants and living things. They also get the opportunity to plant their own seeds and look after the school garden. This gives the children real life skills that can be used outside of school as well as developing social skills whilst working with others.

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Throughout the year we have visitors who provide the children with real life science experiences, such as Goldcrest Outdoor Education, Zootastic, the RSPB and Starlincs Planetarium.

The children are also given the opportunity to observe and discuss current events from around the globe.

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From Summer 2 2016 we will be focusing on ‘Working Scientifically’ and giving the children additional quality opportunities to be scientists!

Science Core Knowledge

The National Curriculum Objectives are grouped into the following areas:

Year 1- Seasonal Changes; Everyday Materials; Animals, including humans; Plants

Year 2- Growing Plants; Uses of Everyday Materials; Animals, including humans;

Living Things and their Habitats

The children are taught these objectives through activities planned to encourage them to work scientifically. This is the main focus of the Science curriculum and we focus on the children working like scientists!

Asking questions is one the most important elements of Science and working scientifically.

Here are some questions that we might discuss or the children may ask in relation to each objective.

Year 1

Seasonal Changes

  1. Describe the typical weather that you might see in the Summer
  2. Where does rain come from?
  3. Are days longer or shorter in the Winter than the Summer? Why?
  4. Why do we have seasons?

Everyday Materials

  1. What scientific word do we use to describe a material that will not let water pass through it?
  2. Can you name something that is shiny? Flexible? Transparent?
  3. What type of material is magnetic?
  4. What material is the chair made from?

Animals including humans

  1. Name some types of animals that live on the earth or fly in the air.
  2. What is the scientific name for animals that never eat meat?
  3. Which 3 types of animals live in or near water?
  4. What is the name of the body part that helps your leg to bend?
  5. Which body part allows humans to smell?

Plants

  1. Can you name the main parts of a plant?
  2. What do you plants need to grow?
  3. What is the scientific name for trees that lose their leaves in Autumn and Winter?
  4. Can you name the parts of a tree?

Year 1 answers

Seasonal Changes 1. Sunshine. 2. It collects in the sky as clouds and then rain is released when they get heavy. 3. Shorter. Daylight is less in the winter months. 4. Because of the rotation and tilt of the Earth

Everyday Materials 1. Waterproof 2.Foil or metal. Plastic. Glass. 3. Metal. 4. Wood/Fabric

Animals, including humans 1. Mammals, birds, 2. Herbivores. 3. Reptiles, amphibians, fish 4. Knee. 5. Nose.

Plants 1. Petal, flower, leaf, stem, roots 2. Air, light, warmth, nutrients and water 3. Deciduous  4. Trunk, leaf, branch, roots

 

Year 2

Plants

  1. What do plants need to grow healthily?
  2. What do seeds and bulbs have inside them that helps them to grow?
  3. Name a typical plant you might find growing on a lawn?
  4. Will a plant grow well if the temperature is very cold?

Uses of Everyday Materials

  1. Should a spoon be made from glass? Why?
  2. What would be a good material to use to make an umbrella?
  3. Find 4 everyday objects made from metal.
  4. What material can you see that could bend/squash/twist/stretch?

Animals including humans

  1. In what order are the 4 stages of growth for a chicken?
  2. Name 5 adult animals and their babies
  3. What do all animals need to survive?
  4. What should humans do to live healthily?

Living Things and their Habitats 

  1. Name some creatures that might live in a woodland.
  2. What is the scientific name for a place that something lives?
  3. Describe what a ‘food chain’ is
  4. Name something living, something dead and a thing that has never been alive

Year 2 answers

Plants 1. Water, light, nutrients, air, warmth. 2. They store food. 3. Daisy or clover. 4. No.

Uses of Everyday Materials 1. No. It will break too easily. Metal and plastic are better 2. A waterproof fabric. 3. Cars, coin, table legs, tools 4. socks, elastic band, blue tac, play dough

Animals including humans 1. Egg, incubation, chick, chicken 2. Sheep and lamb, cow and calf, chicken and chick, butterfly and caterpillar, cat and kitten, dog and puppy 3. Air, food, water, warmth 4. Eat a balanced diet, exercise, hygiene

Living Things and their Habitats 1. Deer, foxes, badgers, birds, adders, beetles, worms 2. Habitat 3. It is how animals obtain their food and energy from plants and other animals 4. Human, withered leaf, a rock


Autumn 2018

Nursery

Nursery have been busy exploring changes to the weather, including investigating ice melting and exploring how much rain has fallen. Some children have also carried out their own investigations on floating and sinking.

Reception

In Reception we have been exploring science through our understanding of the world. We have explored Ted’s den to find out about nature and see where animals and mini beasts live, as well as being able to get stuck into the outdoors and experience nature for ourselves! We have used Technology inside and outside to help us learn. We have used talk cards to record our voices and listen back as well as computers and science equipment in the outdoor area.

 

Year 1

Year 1 have been learning about Animal Life.

They had a visit from Wild Science which included meeting and learning about lots of different animals, including a snake, a tarantula and a chinchilla!

They also had visits from the Cats Protection and Dogs Trust, as well as having a Skype call from ZSL London Zoo.

They have grouped animals, observed different animals closely and learnt about the parts of the human body and their senses.

They have also been carrying out experiments in the classroom. One experiment was to find out which material was the best to stop ice melting and another explored why penguins have oily feathers!

Year 2

In Year 2 we have been learning about everyday materials and which materials are suitable for different purposes. The children discussed the properties of each material and classified and sorted them into their own groups using their new knowledge. Lord Fauquaad wrote to the children to get them to design a new bridge for his castle. The children used materials from around the classroom to build and test their bridges. They took pictures of their designs to send back the Lord.

During our day and night topic the children learnt about how the Earth moves to give us day and night. The children sorted activities that they complete at different times of the day and were interested to learn facts about nocturnal and diurnal animals. The children enjoyed creating their own stop motion animation videos about nocturnal and diurnal animals for STEM day.


Spring 2018

Nursery

The children in Nursery have enjoyed exploring magnets and finding out what is magnetic and non-magnetic.

They have enjoyed testing their ideas such as which objects will float and sink.

The children have also enjoyed using the computers to find out the answers to their own scientific questions including “What do monkeys eat?”

Reception

As it has been so Wintery recently, the Reception children have enjoyed exploring the snow and ice!

They have also enjoyed using Scientific equipment to explore things around them, taking a closer look at what they can see and testing their ideas.

Some of the children also decided to make their own ladybirds after reading the story ‘What the Ladybird Heard.’ They talked about how many legs insects have and other body parts including antennae.

Year 1

Year 1 have been learning about materials and their properties. They went on a material hunt to find different objects around the school and recorded the object and what material it is made from.

They also discussed the properties of different materials and how we can describe what they are like. Then they tested the properties of different objects such as seeing if a sock was bendy, a piece of Lego was waterproof and if a window is transparent!

Year 2

Year 2 have also been exploring different materials around us. They have learnt about natural and man-made materials and have sorted these into groups.

They have also thought about the suitability of different materials for different purposes. They had a problem to solve as they had some sea creatures which were stranded on the beach and they had to create something to help them get back to the sea when water was poured onto it. They had to consider the best materials for the job by thinking about their properties.

 

 

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